Obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable death in our country and around the world, mainly due to its associated diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, sleep apnea and stroke. breast cancer, among others.
This non-communicable disease is affect more and more closely, hitting our families without distinction of sex, age or social class.
In this frame, more and more people are arriving to our offices in search of professional help, having already failed in all attempts to lose weight, and in the face of the need to urgently reverse his picture. All & iacute; is when bariatric surgery -or obesity surgery- becomes a determining tool to be able to treat situations of severe obesity that put at risk the integrity of the person, both physical and psychological. .
The bariatric surgery, with the techniques of Gastric Bypass and Gastrectomy in Manga (Gastric Sleeve) between the performed ones, is growing substantially throughout the world. However, we must know that this surgical procedure to reverse this disease is not new; on the contrary, it is an established practice, with more than fifty years of existence, which has been tested and endorsed by the main international scientific communities, given its important benefits in favor of health. Not only is it consolidated, but throughout the years the available techniques have been perfectioned, becoming less invasive and showing better and better results.
Bariatric surgery It is not a magic or miraculous method, but rather an important tool for weight reduction, which must be carried out in the framework of a comprehensive treatment both before and after the operation. In other words, the patient is treated from a multidisciplinary approach that includes, in addition to the surgery itself, a long-term nutritional and clinical follow-up, as well as also a strong work at the psychological level that allows the person to change habits of life and nourishment, primary objective of the treatment. All bariatric surgery equipment, in fact, should be made up of specialists in different areas, which help the patient to achieve sustained weight loss in the long term.
The results of the surgery I am very satisfactory. In about 80% of the cases operated, patients manage to lose more than 50% of their excess weight. In addition, complex diseases are rapidly reversed or ameliorated and the risks of death from obesity-related conditions are drastically reduced. In the case of type 2 diabetes, for example, bariatric surgery achieves a remission (control of blood sugar levels without medication) of this disease by about 80% of the operated patients, according to published studies.
Surgery of obesity has the risks of any surgical intervention with total anesthesia. However, within the field of "major digestive surgeries", this is one of the least risky. The chances of death are 0.1 to 0.5%, in expert hands and centers of high complexity, a relatively low percentage compared to other complex procedures.
This last one is related to the great advances that this type of surgery has shown over time. While 15 years ago the same was done to "open skies", leaving great scars, today laparoscopic technique is used which requires only 4 to 5 incisions of not more than one cent per cent. metro, highly reducing postoperative risks, with an early recovery.
The horizon of obesity surgery is positive, and those of us who specialize in these procedures work tirelessly to achieve increasingly better results in favor of our patients, with the aim of effectively facing this destructive disease. p>